How data science in USA is different from data analyst in USA


The data field has seen a massive rise in demand for it. The rise of Big Data has spawned two new industry buzzwords: Data Science and Data Analytics.

These two are very closely related, and due to this, people often misunderstand them to be the same thing. On the contrary, data science in USA and Data Analytics in USA have extremely diverse meanings and demand very different skill sets to fulfill the duties of data scientist and data analyst positions.

To understand the diversities of these fields, let us first look at what big data is.

What is Big Data?

It's easy to get stuck in the hype and the buzzwords, but what is big data? What is it suitable for? And how does it impact the field of data analytics and the data science industry?

"Big Data" refers to high-volume information that traditional databases cannot process. It includes social media posts, web clicks, Google searches, and mobile phone GPS locations.


The first step in dealing with big data is identifying and categorizing the data sources, including structured and unstructured. Structured data includes sales statistics and medical records, and unstructured data includes text messages and social media posts.

Many data scientists and analysts have used big data in their profession. Big Data is why there is a high demand for data scientists and data analysts. Both of these professionals focus on distinct elements of big data, but their ultimate goal is to improve the value of their company.

What is Data Science in USA?

Data science in USA is the application of statistical knowledge and machine learning and programming skills to gain insights from data. Data science is also called data-driven decision-making.

In simple terms, Data science is a field that deals with extracting knowledge from data that is a collection of facts or figures. data science in USA is not a new thing. The concept of data science has been around for a long time. But, only recently has it come into the spotlight and has become a whole separate industry.

Data scientists use complex algorithms and advanced statistics to understand trends, from population growth to how you read your email. Many companies have a dedicated team of data scientists working on their business problems because the right insights can have a considerable impact.

What is Data Analytics in USA?

Data analytics in USA describes the process of using statistical techniques to examine data and draw conclusions about it.

Some of the tools used in this process include regression analysis, time series analysis, cluster analysis, and probability distributions. In short, data analytics refers to what you do with the data once you've collected it.

Data analytics can help in taking the right decision at the right time by using the correct data set to be helpful for all kinds of organizations. Every organization needs to have a proper analytics system because organizations face many daily challenges.

They all need accurate data-driven decisions at crucial moments during their journey towards success.

Data Science in USA Vs Data Analytics in USA: Key Differences

Data Science

Data Analytics

1.Data science is focused on extracting knowledge from raw data through methods such as statistics and machine learning. Data analysts use these techniques to gain insights into customer behavior and usage patterns. They also make recommendations based on this data to improve operations or increase profitability. Data analysts typically have degrees in computer science or engineering. However, some may have backgrounds in economics or business administration.Data analysts usually analyze structured data sets such as credit card transactions or purchase histories. They use software programs like SQL databases and spreadsheets to process this information before presenting it visually in charts or graphs for easy interpretation by decision-makers at the company's headquarters
2.Data science is a more broad concept. And have many other sub-categories.Data analytics comes under data science, which focuses on using data to identify trends, patterns, and other helpful information about a company's operations.
3.Data Science requires understanding all aspects of the business it supports to extract valuable information from the vast array of data.Data Analysis requires one to be a specialist in one or two aspects. You need to analyze how the given data will work to benefit a specific aspect of the business.
4.Data scientists focus on using technology to solve problems across many industries.Data Analysts focus on using technology and available data to solve problems for their business only.

Connections Between Data Science in USA & Data Analytics

Despite many differences between a data scientist and a data analyst, they both are highly interlinked. They are different parts of the same coin. The company will need a data scientist to explore data from multiple sources and standardize it.

They'll need a data analyst to filter out the standardized data relevant to the company and use it to tailor good data-driven strategies for the company.

However, a small organization with only one data source may prefer to hire a data analyst rather than a data scientist, mainly because data analyst pay is cheaper.

One more reason to hire a data analyst over a data scientist is that most data scientists are more likely to have a Ph.D. in statistics or mining massive data sets, and a job with just one data source might feel underwhelming to them. Suppose current teams do a company's majority of analytics work, and the organization requires a professional who can dive into exploratory data.

In that case, they'd look into hiring a data scientist rather than an analyst. The choice between a data scientist and a data analyst completely depends on the requirements of a company.

These professions are unique, required, and equally important for a company's growth and prosperity. And the company that hires both an analyst and a scientistic is more likely to achieve better results than the one that only has one of them.

Both Data Scientists and Data Analysts complement each other's roles perfectly.

Core Skills Required to be a Data Scientist

According to a global survey, the growing popularity of data science in USA will result in 11.6 million job openings in the sector by 2026.

But what does it take to become a data scientist?

What skills do you need?

And how do you get those skills?

Here are seven core skills required to be a successful data scientist:

  1. Data analysis:

    You've got data — now what do you do with it? Analyzing large sets of information can be difficult, especially when many different variables are at play.
  2. Modeling:

    Once you've analyzed your data, you'll probably want to create models based on those findings. This involves creating mathematical representations of real-world phenomena to be used for forecasting or predictive analysis.
  3. Machine learning:

    Data scientists use machine learning algorithms to predict outcomes based on previous data sets. They also use these algorithms when building models and classifications to analyze unstructured data such as text or images when building models and classifications.

    A background in computer science or engineering will help your understanding of these concepts but isn't necessary if you have some programming experience under your belt already.
  4. Statistics:

    Data scientists need to conduct statistical analysis on large datasets to identify trends and patterns. This involves setting up experiments and analyzing results. Some basic knowledge of statistics or calculus would be required.
  5. Data mining:

    Data mining is used to discover patterns in large datasets using analytical tools such as clustering or classification models like decision trees or neural networks.

    It's applied in many fields, including science, medicine, and business analytics.
  6. SQL and database design:

    You need to know how to query databases effectively, organize and structure your data, and design efficient database architecture. SQL (Structured Query Language) is one of the essential skills for any aspiring data scientist.

    It's a declarative language for managing data stored in relational database management systems (RDBMS). It's also one of the easiest programming languages to learn.

    Many online tutorials provide step-by-step instructions on how to write basic queries using SQL Server or Oracle as examples.
  7. Data Wrangling and Munging:

    These are two skills that allow you to manipulate your data into the desired format. This is important because data is rarely in the correct format for analysis, so you have to clean it up before analyzing it.

    For example, if you wanted to find out what size shoes each person at an event wears, you would have to enter all of their shoe sizes into a spreadsheet one by one. This would be very time-consuming if there were many people at this event!

    So instead, data scientists use data wrangling tools like Pandas(Python Library) which allows them to use functions like 'filling()' and 'duplicates()' in their dataset so that all of the inputs are automatically done for them by these computer programs.

Core Skills Required to be a Data Analyst

The world of data is growing exponentially.

The amount of data being processed and analyzed doubles every two years. According to a recent study, 90% of the world's data has been generated alone in the last two years.

Data analysts must be skilled in handling big data and extracting meaningful insights.

While there are no hard and fast rules about what skills you need to become a Data Analyst, there are specific skills that would help you get started on this career path.

Here is a list of some of these skills:

  1. Analytical skills:

    A good data analyst should possess strong analytical skills to solve complex problems.

    They should also be able to identify trends and patterns in large volumes of data by using statistical techniques such as regression analysis or cluster analysis (e.g., K-means clustering).
  2. Business knowledge:

    A good data analyst should understand business concepts and be able to apply them on the job.

    This will help them understand how data can improve various aspects of the business, including marketing, sales, finance, etc.
  3. Communication Skills:

    A good data analyst must have excellent communication skills to explain his findings clearly to his clients or colleagues without losing interest or confusing them with technical jargon.

    He should also be able to communicate with people from other departments within the organization who may need his help in better understanding certain aspects of their jobs or improving their performance at work.

What Would Be a Better Choice for You- Data Science in Usa or Data Analytics in USA?

The decision to choose between Data Science and Data Analysis is tough. Both of these roles are in high demand in USA, but it can be hard to determine whether you should pursue a data analyst or data scientist career.

If you want to go for a higher pay just from the start and want to learn the usage of advanced statistical techniques to solve complex problems, then Data Science is meant for you.

However, if you're going to accomplish something less complicated and find it difficult to cope with technical software and methods but still want to work with data, data analytics is an option.


Data analytics in USA may not pay as well as data science at first. Still, if you have solid analytical abilities, data analytics is an equally high-paying and flourishing career as data science in the long run.

Hope this solved your confusion regarding the fields of data science in USA and data analytics.

Mentr Me
Follow us on:
Reach Out to us:
MentR-Me Education Pvt. Ltd.
Fourth Floor, Vijay Tower, Panchsheel Park North, Panchsheel Park, New Delhi-110049
Copyright © 2021 MentR-Me. All rights reserved.