GMAT Syllabus: A Comprehensive Overview for Success

8 mins

Are you preparing for the GMAT exam and feeling overwhelmed by the syllabus? Don't worry! This blog is here to help you master the GMAT syllabus, ensuring you are fully prepared for success. The GMAT, or Graduate Management Admission Test, is crucial for those pursuing graduate management education. Business schools worldwide use GMAT scores to assess applicants' readiness for their demanding programs. By understanding the GMAT syllabus, you are not just preparing for an exam but setting the foundation for a successful academic journey.

Overview of the GMAT Exam Pattern

The GMAT, or Graduate Management Admission Test, is a standardized exam that evaluates the skills and knowledge of individuals aspiring to pursue graduate management education, especially in MBA programs. It comprises four main sections, each designed to assess specific abilities crucial for success in business school and beyond.

Let's explore each of these sections in detail to gain a better understanding of what to expect on exam day.

  1. Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA): The Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) evaluates a candidate's capability to analyze arguments and construct a written analysis. It measures reasoning skills, critical evaluation of arguments, and effective communication in written form. AWA scores range from 0 to 6 in 0.5-point increments, providing insights into a candidate's analytical and writing abilities.
  2. Integrated Reasoning (IR): Integrated Reasoning (IR) tests a candidate's capacity to analyze and synthesize data from various sources and formats to solve intricate problems. It assesses skills in data interpretation, graphics analysis, and multi-source reasoning. In the previous GMAT edition, IR scores ranged from 1 to 8 in 1-point increments.
  3. Quantitative Reasoning: Quantitative Reasoning evaluates a candidate's ability to reason quantitatively, interpret data, and solve mathematical problems. It covers arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data analysis. Previously, Quantitative Reasoning scores ranged from 6 to 51 in 1-point increments.
  4. Verbal Reasoning: The Verbal Reasoning section measures a candidate's capacity to comprehend written material, evaluate arguments, and convey meaning effectively in English. Verbal Reasoning scores ranged from 6 to 51 in 1-point increments in the previous GMAT edition.

The table below provides an overview of the GMAT exam pattern, including the number of questions in each section and the score range for each section.

SectionNumber of QuestionsScore Range
Analytical Writing Assessment1 Topic (Essay)0-6
Integrated Reasoning12 Questions1-8
Quantitative31 Questions6-51
Verbal36 Questions6-51
Total Exam Time (3 hrs 7 mins)Total Questions: 80200-800

GMAT Syllabus: In-depth Review

The GMAT exam is structured into four primary sections: Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA), Integrated Reasoning (IR), Quantitative Reasoning (QR), and Verbal Reasoning (VR). Each of these sections assesses specific skills and knowledge crucial for success in graduate management education. Below is a detailed breakdown of the GMAT syllabus for each section:

GMAT SectionTypes of Questions
Quantitative Reasoning
  • Problem Solving
  • Data Sufficiency
Verbal Reasoning
  • Sentence Correction
  • Critical Reasoning
  • Reading Comprehension
Analytical Writing Assessment
  • Analysis of an Argument
Integrated Reasoning
  • Table Analysis
  • Two-Part Analysis
  • Multi-Source Reasoning
  • Graphics Interpretation

1. GMAT Syllabus for Quantitative Reasoning Section

The Quantitative Reasoning section of the GMAT exam is a critical component that evaluates candidates' mathematical aptitude and problem-solving skills. Comprising a total of 31 questions, this section is divided into two subsections: Data Sufficiency and Problem Solving. In the Data Sufficiency section, candidates are presented with 13-14 questions, while the Problem Solving section consists of 17-18 questions. These questions are objective type and feature multiple-choice answers.

  • Problem Solving: Approximately 17-18 questions in the GMAT Quantitative section fall under Problem Solving. This subsection assesses candidates' ability to utilize logic and analytical reasoning to solve quantitative problems effectively.
  • Data Sufficiency: Data Sufficiency is another crucial aspect of the GMAT Quantitative section. It evaluates candidates' capacity to analyze a quantitative problem, identify pertinent data, and determine the sufficiency of the information provided to solve the problem.

2. GMAT Syllabus for Verbal Reasoning Section

The Verbal Reasoning section of the GMAT exam holds significant weight in assessing candidates' language proficiency and comprehension abilities. With 36 multiple-choice questions, this section encompasses three key subsections: Critical Reasoning, Reading Comprehension, and Sentence Correction. Let's explore each subsection along with the types of questions involved.

  • Critical Reasoning: In this section, candidates encounter a variety of argument types. They must analyze argument structures, evaluate assumptions, and strengthen or weaken arguments. Additionally, candidates are tasked with formulating or evaluating plans of action and completing arguments.
  • Reading Comprehension: Candidates must draw inferences, understand logical relationships between key points, and comprehend words and statements in this subsection. They encounter short and long passages, testing skills such as inference, identifying the main idea, comprehending supporting ideas, understanding logical structure, and analyzing style.
  • Sentence Correction: This section assesses candidates on two critical aspects of language proficiency. Firstly, candidates correct expressions in sentences, ensuring grammatical and structural accuracy. Secondly, they express ideas or relationships clearly, concisely, and grammatically. The types of questions in GMAT Sentence Correction (SC) include:
    1. Grammar and its rules
    2. Structure of a Sentence
    3. Modifiers
    4. Parallelism
    5. Comparison
    6. Nouns & Pronouns
    7. Verbs
    8. Idioms
    9. Other Topics: Combination of the above topics, such as Parallelism and comparisons, Verbs and pronouns, etc.

3. GMAT Syllabus for Analytical Writing Assessment Section

The Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) section of the GMAT exam is unique, focusing on evaluating candidates' ability to analyze arguments and express their thoughts effectively in writing. Let's delve into the GMAT syllabus for this section and understand the types of questions involved.

  • Argument Essay: In the Argument Essay, candidates are presented with a given argument that they need to analyze critically and construct a well-reasoned response. Candidates should focus on the syntax and grammar of their responses to support or refute the critique presented in the question.
  • Issue Essay: In the Issue Essay, candidates are required to write an essay expressing their opinion on a given issue. The essay should be around 600 words long and can either support the statement provided or present the candidate's own viewpoint. Remember, the focus should be on the writing style and structure rather than the specific arguments presented.

4. GMAT Syllabus for Integrated Reasoning Section

The Integrated Reasoning (IR) section is a crucial part of the GMAT syllabus, introduced to assess candidates' ability to interpret and analyze data presented in various formats. Let's explore the types of questions in this section and understand what they entail.

  • Table Analysis: Candidates are presented with tables resembling spreadsheets, containing data sets. They must sort through the information to identify key insights or data that meets specific conditions. This section evaluates candidates' ability to analyze and draw conclusions from structured data.
  • Two-Part Analysis: This section presents candidates with complex problems that may involve verbal, quantitative, or combined elements. Candidates must solve simultaneous equations, evaluate trade-offs, and discern relationships between different entities. The versatile format of this question type covers a wide range of content.
  • Multi-Source Reasoning: In Multi-Source Reasoning questions, candidates are tasked with examining data from multiple sources, including tables, graphics, and text passages. They must carefully analyze each source to answer multiple questions, drawing inferences and identifying discrepancies among the data presented.
  • Graphics Interpretation: Candidates must interpret information presented in various graphical formats, such as scatter plots, bar charts, or pie charts. They are required to identify relationships, draw inferences, and make deductions based on the graphical representations provided.

Mastering the GMAT Syllabus: Tips and Techniques

To excel in the GMAT exam, it is crucial to have a well-structured preparation plan that focuses on each section of the syllabus. Here are some tips and techniques to help you master the GMAT syllabus:

1. Tips for Excelling in Quantitative Reasoning

Following are the tips for Quantitative Reasoning section of the GMAT exam:

  • Brush up on your basic mathematical concepts, including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data analysis.
  • Practice solving a variety of problem-solving and data-sufficiency questions.
  • Develop strategies for quickly identifying the relevant information and solving problems efficiently.

2. Tips for Excelling in Verbal Reasoning

Following are the tips for the Verbal Reasoning section of the GMAT exam:

  • Expand your vocabulary and learn the use of synonyms.
  • Practice reading comprehension by reading a variety of texts, including academic articles and passages.
  • Improve your critical reasoning skills by analyzing arguments and identifying assumptions.
  • Practice sentence correction questions to enhance your grammar and writing skills.

3. Tips for Excelling in Analytical Writing Assessment

Following are the tips for Analytical Writing Assessment section of the GMAT exam:

  • Practice writing essays on various topics to improve your writing skills and ability to analyze arguments.
  • Learn to organize your thoughts in a logical and coherent manner.
  • Familiarize yourself with the essay prompt format and time management strategies.

4. Tips for Excelling in Integrated Reasoning

Following are the tips for Integrated Reasoning section of the GMAT exam:

  • Develop strong data interpretation and analysis skills.
  • Practice solving questions that require evaluating information from multiple sources.
  • Improve your ability to draw conclusions and make inferences based on the given data

Effective 4-Month Plan to Master the GMAT Syllabus

Preparing for the GMAT exam requires a structured approach and diligent effort. Here's a comprehensive 4-month plan to cover the GMAT syllabus effectively:

MonthGMAT Syllabus Preparation Strategy
Month 1
  • Begin with a diagnostic test to identify areas of improvement.
  • Focus on Sentence Correction and Problem-Solving.
  • Revise regularly and take weekly practice tests.
Month 2
  • Progress to Critical Reasoning and Data Sufficiency sections.
  • Take notes on argument types and continue with regular practice tests.
Month 3
  • Dive into Reading Comprehension and solve numerous passages.
  • Maintain focus on math questions and continue mock tests.
Month 4
  • Dedicate this month to thorough revision and practice.
  • Take multiple mock tests and analyze results for improvement.

For effective GMAT exam preparation, consider utilizing GMAT Prep AI by Mentr-me, our comprehensive GMAT preparation tool designed to help you ace the exam with personalized study plans and practice questions tailored to your needs.


In conclusion, mastering the GMAT syllabus is key to achieving success on the exam. By understanding the exam structure, question types, and scoring system, you can develop a targeted study plan and excel in each section. Remember to practice regularly, manage your time effectively, and stay motivated throughout your preparation journey. With the right strategies and dedication, you can conquer the GMAT and unlock your full potential.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How do I register for the GMAT exam?

To register for the GMAT exam, visit the official GMAT website and create an account. Once registered, you can select a test date and location that is convenient for you. Be sure to review the registration deadlines and requirements before completing your registration.

Yes, you can retake the GMAT exam if you're not satisfied with your score. However, there are certain restrictions on how often you can retake the exam. It's essential to review the GMAT retake policy and plan your preparation accordingly.

GMAT scores are valid for five years from the date the exam is taken. After five years, the scores expire, and you would need to retake the exam if you wish to submit more recent scores for MBA admissions or other purposes.

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