Biomedical Engineering Overview: Colleges, Syllabus, Eligibility, Jobs, & More

9 mins

Do you want to study Biomedical Engineering and seek the top colleges and learn more about this field? Then, you've landed at the right spot.

In this blog, you'll learn everything you need to know about Biomedical Engineering. This blog offers varied facts regarding this field to give you a better understanding of it.

You might want to know more about this profession's job and career prospects, so we've included that information in this blog post. Topics that you will get to know in this blog post; 

  • What is Biomedical Engineering?
  • Why Biomedical Engineering?
  • What are the subjects that one studies in this program?
  • Top international Colleges for Biomedical Engineering
  • Jobs for Biomedical Engineering
  • The application process, Eligibility for Biomedical Engineering
  • Entrance Exam for Biomedical Engineering
  • Role of a Biomedical Engineer
  • Masters in Biomedical Engineering 
  • Why master in Biomedical Engineering?
  • Conclusion

What is Biomedical Engineering?

Tissue engineering, molecular or systems biology/physiology, and mathematics are all included in a biomedical engineering program.

In addition, students will learn about biomedical electronics and the mathematical and analytical abilities needed to analyze and process medical data, such as imaging and enhancement techniques. Biomechanics, cellular engineering, genetic engineering, orthopedic surgery, bio-instrumentation, medical imaging, and bio-materials are the other topics covered in the program.

The student will learn about other key topics, including advanced therapeutic and surgical devices, computer modeling of physiologic systems, and advanced therapeutic and surgical devices.

Why Biomedical Engineering?

Engineers from Electronics, Mechanical, Electrical, and other linked areas can easily fit into the profile requirements in the Bio-Medical field. Biomedical Engineering is the only field that bridges the gap between engineering and healthcare, allowing you to use your engineering skills to good use in the healthcare field.

It is a bonus field if you are interested in medicine but cannot pursue it since you are pursuing engineering. As a specialist, mechanical engineers can readily transition to Bio-Medical Engineering.

Bio-Medical Engineers collaborate closely with doctors and scientists, so if you've ever wanted to be a doctor, this is an ideal branch to pursue.

You'll be collaborating closely with the doctors and assisting them in their work. In addition, it entails researching a wide range of technical disciplines, including electronics, computers, mechanical, chemical, and nanotechnology.

So, if you're looking for a research-based job, this field of work will be ideal for you because you'll be expected to explore all of these technical topics.

What are the subjects that one studies in this program?

Undergraduate biomedical engineering programs typically last 3-4 years. They include a wide range of cores and electives designed to familiarise students with engineering subjects and medical sciences and how they might be combined to build better healthcare systems and equipment.

Furthermore, a BE or BTech in Biomedical Engineering will introduce you to the fundamentals of Civil, Mechanical, and Electrical Engineering, as well as biochemistry and biomolecules in living matter, to name a few.

List of some core and elective that one study in this program;

  • Mathematics 
  • Chemistry Environmental Sciences Thermodynamics
  • Basics of electrical and electronic engineering
  • Physics 
  • Material Sciences Engineering Mechanics Communicative English 
  • Projects 
  • Basics of civil engineering
  • Mechanical engineering
  • Electric circuit analysis
  • Electric devices
  • Material strengths

Top international Colleges for Biomedical Engineering

Stanford University

Stanford University is well-known in the business sector for its universal appeal and recognition. While the University does not provide a Biomedical Engineering undergraduate degree, each specialty within the subject is treated as a specialized major.

Imperial College London 

In the year 1907, this University was founded in the United Kingdom. While Imperial College London is over a century old, a specialized course in Biomedical Engineering was only added in 1991.

Massachusetts of Technology 

A world-class educational institution in the United States is the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The University, founded in 1861, is routinely ranked at the top of university and institute rankings worldwide.

ETH Zurich

ETH Zurich is a premier institute that falls under the ETH domain. The Swiss government founded it in 1855. The University is well renowned for its technologically enhanced learning environment, which is geared toward technical disciplines.

Johns Hopkins University

Johns Hopkins University is a prestigious private university founded in 1876 in Baltimore, Maryland's main city. It offers specialized technical courses, including Biomedical Engineering. It also offers a master of science in Engineering Management.

Jobs for Biomedical Engineering

According to studies, there will be a surge in demand for biomedical engineers, which is expected to increase by 23% between 2014 and 2024. People who have difficulties with their knees or hips are now choosing knee or hip replacement treatments.

Some medical exams used to be excruciatingly uncomfortable. On the other hand, Biomedical engineers are attempting to build technology that is less uncomfortable for patients. Every day, new blood tests, screening for infectious diseases, and genetics are developed.

Heart and kidney disease, as well as joint difficulties, are on the rise nowadays. Bioengineers are involved in designing and manufacturing devices like cardiac pacemakers, defibrillators, artificial kidneys, blood oxygenators, prosthetic hearts, and joints to address these challenges.

Biomedical engineering graduates also serve as marketing advisors and management consultants in the industry, in addition to technical responsibilities (such as R&D, Process Development, Product Development, QC/QA, and regulatory affairs).

Depending on one's skillset and job interests, it's also usual for biomedical engineering graduates to have advanced training and qualifications in other sectors.

Application process and Eligibility for Biomedical Engineering 

To get admitted to the 4-year undergraduate degree of B. Tech in Biomedical Engineering, several steps must be fulfilled.

The procedure begins with candidates taking an engineering entrance exam. The respective exam conducting body JOSAA releases a merit list and a cut-off list based on the results (Joint Seat Allocation Authority). JOSAA also oversees the seat distribution and counseling process following the exam.

The candidate's All India Rank (AIR) in JEE Main determines the number of seats available. These tests have an age limit that changes every year.

Admission to a master's program in biomedical engineering is hugely competitive. Schools require high GPAs and test scores to attract the best and brightest students.

Therefore, students should begin applying to schools at least a year in advance of their program start date. Schools use online portals to manage the admissions process.

Students fill out an online profile with personal information, upload documents, and then submit their applications to the school.


  • Rank card
  • Seat allotment letter
  • 10th and 12th mark sheet
  • Transfer certificate
  • Income proof certificate
  • Birth certificate
  • Character certificate
  • Admission form filled by the candidate
  • Passport size photographs

Schools consider employment experience, research experience, and academic performance when selecting candidates.

The biomedical engineering program's steering committee analyses applications, but the graduate school makes the final selections. Schools also set their dates for applications. Some schools admit students exclusively in the fall and spring semesters.

Students must submit applications as soon as the institution begins accepting them in these cases. Schools begin accepting applications for the fall semester in early spring.

Entrance Exam for BioMedical Engineering

Candidates must pass an engineering entrance exam held at the national, state, and university levels to gain admission to any of India's top universities to pursue a B.Tech in a biomedical engineering program.

A few colleges that provide B. Tech in biomedical engineering also holds their engineering entrance tests. Some of the examinations that engineering students should take to get into top universities for a B.Tech in biomedical engineering are listed below.

JEE Mains

JEE Main is India's most well-known and well-known undergraduate engineering entrance exam, held at the national level. It is the initial step towards gaining admission to one of India's top engineering colleges.

Following the examination, the National Test Agency (NTA) releases a merit list. Those applicants who are found eligible on the merit list can take the second part of the exam.

JEE Main is designed to be the initial step toward IITs and NITs, widely regarded as India's premier universities and institutes for pursuing a B.Tech in biomedical engineering.

JEE Advanced 

JEE Advanced, also known as the second phase of JEE, is regarded as one of the necessary engineering entrance tests in the country for students. However, only a few pupils are considered eligible to take this exam.

Candidates who qualify and this exam will be granted places at one of India's 23 IITs (Indian Institutes of Technology) or IISc Bangalore (Indian Institute of Science). The AIR (All India Rank) attained by students determines the seats they will be assigned.


This engineering entrance exam, held by SRM Institute of Science and Technology, is regarded as one of India's most difficult.

Direct admission is available to the top 1000 IIT JEE rank holders and the top rank holders in federal and state board exams. Around 2 lakh individuals apply for the SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam each year.

The quality of education supplied is extremely eminent since it is one of the top colleges that offer B.Tech biomedical engineering courses. Candidates who qualify for this exam are admitted to various campuses across the country.


Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering administers this engineering entrance exam. Regulated for admission to two campuses, the first in Chennai and the second in Vellore.

A minimum of 60% in physics, chemistry, and mathematics has been defined as the educational eligibility criterion for admission. VIT is regarded as one of India's greatest private engineering colleges, offering a B. Tech in the biomedical engineering program. 

Role of a Biomedical Engineer

  • Designing equipment such as artificial internal organs, machines that can diagnose medical disorders, and body part replacements.
  • Installation, adjustment, maintenance, repair, and technical assistance for biomedical equipment are all available.
  • All biomedical equipment is evaluated for safety, effectiveness, and efficiency.
  • Clinicians and other staff engaged in the operation of this technology will be trained on how to utilize it properly.
  • Working in collaboration with life scientists, chemists, and medical scientists to research the engineering aspects of human and animal biological systems.
  • Prepare processes, technical reports, and research papers, and provide recommendations based on the research findings.
  • Clinicians and other staff engaged in the operation of this technology will be trained on how to utilize it properly.
  • Working in collaboration with life scientists, chemists, and medical scientists to research the engineering aspects of human and animal biological systems.
  • Prepare processes, technical reports, and research papers, and provide recommendations based on the research findings.
  • Present the research findings to the scientists, non-scientist executives, hospital administration, physicians, engineers, and other participants.
  • Biomedical engineers are involved in electrical circuits, software to run this medical equipment, and computer simulations to evaluate new pharmacological therapies.

Masters in Biomedical Engineering 

A master's degree in biomedical engineering boosts income potential and makes workers more appealing to companies.

This degree also educates employees on thinking outside the box to build the next generation of medical devices. Workers who wish to advance their professions must select a suitable biomedical engineering master's program.

Each master's program in biomedical engineering has its unique set of advantages. Its guide will offer you all the necessary information on costs, courses, and the admissions process. 

Why master in Biomedical Engineering?

Because they comprehend the complexities of engineering and the characteristics of medicine, biomedical engineers have a unique skill set. They can make their career in various positions, including designing, manufacturing, and marketing equipment.

To do their jobs, most scientists must be able to employ advanced technologies. Graduates with a master's degree in biomedical engineering are prepared to operate with this equipment, doing research and testing samples.

Students interested in the sector's research side love brainstorming ideas in laboratories with other researchers. Extroverted students enjoy connecting with other medical professionals and prefer to share their discoveries in the field.


As a result, Biomedical Engineering is a discipline with numerous alternatives for studying and pursuing a career. In addition, you will find a variety of work and career options in this industry.

Before applying to any course or program, you should familiarise yourself with the program's requirements, eligibility criteria, and admissions process. It will assist you in better comprehending that program. Furthermore, reading the program's syllabus is an important step. 

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